Project Work: Helping Pupils To Add Two Three – Digit Numbers Using Activity Method In Basic Three
Project Work: Helping Pupils To Add Two Three – Digit Numbers Using Activity Method In Basic Three

PROJECT WORK: HELPING PUPILS TO ADD TWO THREE – DIGIT NUMBERS USING ACTIVITY METHOD IN BASIC THREE

UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION

HELPING PUPILS TO ADD TWO THREE – DIGIT NUMBERS USING ACTIVITY METHOD AT DAWOMAKO DISTRICT ASSEMBLY BASIC THREE

Martin Luther

FOSO TRAINING COLLEGE, ASSIN FOSO

2008

UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION

 

HELPING PUPILS TO ADD TOW THREE – DIGIT NUMBERS USING ACTIVITY METHOD AT DAWOMAKO DISTRICT ASSEMBLY BASIC THREE

BY

Martin Luther

OF

FOSO TRAINING COLLEGE, ASSIN FOSO

A PROJECT WORK SUBMITTED TO THE INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION OF THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF DIPLOMA IN BASIC EDUCATION

JULY, 2008

 

CANDIDATE’S DECLARATION

I hereby declare that this project work is the result of my own original research and that no part of it has been presented for another degree in this university or elsewhere.

 

Candidate’s name………………..   Signature…………….. ….      Date………………….

 

SUPERVISOR’S DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the preparation and presentation of the project work were supervised in accordance with the guidelines on supervision of project work laid down by the University of Cape Coast.

 

Supervisor’s name……………………… Signature………………Date…………………

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

DEDICATION

 

ACKWOLEDGEMENT

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Who on this Universe can say that technology exist without Mathematics? Or can it be possible that will go on successfully without the idea of Mathematics which involves the study of pattern, operation computation and solution to every problem? Even in the field of football the plays and more especially the Goalkeeper calculate to catch the ball. Girls when playing Ampe count for the winner.

Before the introduction of formal education, our parents were used to counting since they counted the number of children they gad up to the tenth born child called ‘Badu and in trading. They knew the amount of items they bought and their prices of which they sell to earn profit. It is an undeniable fact that, Mathematics is  a discipline that cut across all fields being it Nursing , Sewing, trading, Farming and many most not forgetting the Geographers, Economists and the like. This makes it an important cause for study.

Mostover, in this computerised world, the idea of number is used throughout life, hence there is the need for pupils in the primary level of education to learn Mathematics.

During the out – segment, I was posted to Assin Dawomako for the attachment. It is a small town in Assin South District near a well known commercial town called Assin Andoe in the central Region.

The population of the town is about six hundred. The inhabitance are mostly farmers, few engaging in trading and very less literate and for that matter there is no highly educated personnel’s such as Teachers. Nurses, Doctors, Ministers and the likes from the town who will serve as a role model for the pupils to imitate rather their focus is on farming. The parent s of the pupils know nothing about the need of education, they do not encourage wards to attend school, some parent of those who attend school do not care whether their wards study after school or not, do not buy required teaching and learning materials such as pencils, exercise book, erasers and the rest for them, because all they know is that after the elementary school the girls give birth and the boys end up in the forest, therefore they do no value education. Some even come to school because of the feeding program in the school. A teacher will give assignment to pupils and they will return the questions to the teacher complaining there was no one to assist them. Others send their wards to farm every Friday and on Wednesday they follow them to the market at Assin Andoe, so you will only meet full class on Monday and Thursday but for the rest, it very disappointing. While these unfortunate pupils are out, tuition must be in progress and that in return their colleagues will be ahead of them which make teaching and learning of Mathematics very difficult since Mathematics runs through the time table everyday.

 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Most people view Mathematics from time immemorial as a difficult subject of which i was a victim. The researcher observed that pupils find it difficult in solving problems on adding 2, 3 –digit numbers. The researcher could not just draw conclusion their to under take a study and i observed that in their previous classes that is basic one and two where the foundation of addition were to laid learning materials let alone activities. In their current class my mentor is not used to teaching with learning materials therefore pupils could not use teaching and learning materials in solving problem on adding two three – digit numbers.

A pupil worked a problem as following.

466

+ 377

71313

I observed that the pupils has no or less knowledge on the concept of place value and that starting from the right to the left 6 + 7 are in the ones column therefore he will write 3 down then carry 1 ten to the tens column to make 1 ten + 6 tens + 7 tens making 14 ten, then 4tens down carrying 1 hundred to the hundred column to make 1 hundred + 4 hundreds + 3 hundreds making 8 hundred. The researcher wants to help pupils to solve two three – digit numbers through activity method using abacus, Dienes block, place value chart and the likes

 

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The researcher was once like these pupils and was one way or the other helped out and thus her prayer is to help pupils to be able to manipulate teaching and learning materials in solving addition of two three – digit numbers. It also the will of the researcher to identify how pupils learn mathematics, the causes of pupils of Dawomako D/A primary three difficulties in performing addition of two three – digit numbers and design strategies to address  it such as activity method.

However, it is the will of the researcher to come out with various teaching and learning materials in order to help pupils to solve problem involving place value that is adding two three – digit numbers using abacus, Dienes block and the like.

 

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Considering the problem at hand in order to carry out this research the following questions were raised to serve as a guide to help in researching.

  1. How do pupils learn mathematics?
  2. What are the causes of Dawomako D/A primary three pupils inability to add two three – digit numbers.
  3. What materials can children use to solve problems on the addition of two three – digit numbers very easily.
  4. How should materials be used to help pupils to understand the concept of addition.

 

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This work is expected to come out to enhance effective teaching and learning of the concept of addition of two three – digit numbers. The findings and suggestions will provide a gate way of information to all interested stakeholders of education on policies made in the teaching and learning of Mathematics and best they can obtain their aims.

However, it will also serve as a reference for other future researchers to improve upon similar problem in the course of their study.

 

LIMITATIONS

The first limitation could be that fact that the rate of absenteeism is high at Dawomako D/A primary and during the time to intervene most t pupil especially those who find it very difficult to perform the addition of two three digit numbers will not be present. Another possible limitation could be that pupils may feel reluctant to answer additional questions for fear of making mistakes and be most at and this may affect the result of the study

 

DELIMITATIONS

This study was done an only addition of two three digit numbers and it is delimited to only pupils in basic three at Dawomako D/A primary school.

 

ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

This study is organized in five chapters. The leading chapter deals with the background of the study, statement of the problem the purpose of the study, the significance of the study. Limitation, delimitation and organization of the study, second chapter review related ideas and literature of the study. The third chapters also talk about the methodological ways whiles chapter four consist of the presentation and analysis of the main data. The last act not the least chapter being chapter five deals with the summary, conclusion and the recommendations of the study.

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